B. law. C. theory. D. model. Bloom's Level: Remember Section: 01. 01 Topic: Scientific Method When first proposed, a scientific idea is usually called a A


download 107.24 Kb.
jenengB. law. C. theory. D. model. Bloom's Level: Remember Section: 01. 01 Topic: Scientific Method When first proposed, a scientific idea is usually called a A
KoleksiDokumen
a.kabeh-ngerti.com > Astronomi > Dokumen

Chapter 01 - The Scientific Method

Chapter 01

The Scientific Method

 

 


Multiple Choice Questions
 

1. What distinguishes the scientific method from other ways of looking at the natural world is 
A. the eternal truth of its laws and theories.
B. its replacement of existing laws and theories at regular intervals.
C. its reliance on the opinions of expert scientists to decide which laws and theories to believe.
D. its reliance on experiment and observation.

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Section: 01.02
Topic: Scientific Method
 


2. A regularity in observed data or a relationship between different quantities is usually called a 
A. hypothesis.
B. law.
C. theory.
D. model.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.01
Topic: Scientific Method
 


3. When first proposed, a scientific idea is usually called a 
A. hypothesis.
B. law.
C. theory.
D. model.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.01
Topic: Scientific Method
 

4. Scientific theories 
A. must be constantly reviewed to see whether they are in accord with new experimental observations.
B. represent guesses that have not yet been compared with observational data.
C. are summaries of particular experiments.
D. are laws of nature not subject to revision.

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Section: 01.01
Topic: Scientific Method
 


5. Living things 
A. were created as they are today several thousand years ago.
B. were created as they are today several billion years ago.
C. were created several thousand years ago and have evolved since then.
D. have evolved throughout the earth's history.

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Section: 01.02
Topic: Evolution
 


6. The object in the sky that lies very nearly on an extension of the earth's axis is 
A. the sun.
B. the moon.
C. Mercury.
D. Polaris.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.03
Topic: The Night Sky



 

7. The stars in a constellation 
A. are about the same age.
B. are about the same distance from the earth.
C. form a pattern in the sky as seen from the earth.
D. are members of the solar system.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.04
Section: 01.03
Topic: Constellation
 


8. The time at which a given star rises above the horizon each night is 
A. earlier than the night before.
B. the same as the night before.
C. later than the night before.
D. Any of the choices, depending on which star is involved.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Section: 01.03
Topic: The Night Sky
 


9. Relative to the stars, the moon seems to move 
A. northward.
B. southward.
C. eastward.
D. westward.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Section: 01.03
Topic: The Night Sky



 

10. A year is the time needed for 
A. the sun to drift completely around the sky.
B. the moon to drift completely around the sky.
C. the earth to turn completely on its axis.
D. None of the choices are correct.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.03
Topic: Cycles of the Sky
 


11. A week is the time needed for 
A. the sun to drift completely around the sky.
B. the moon to drift completely around the sky.
C. the earth to turn completely on its axis.
D. None of the choices are correct.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.03
Topic: Cycles of the Sky
 


12. A day is the time needed for 
A. the sun to drift completely around the sky.
B. the moon to drift completely around the sky.
C. the earth to turn completely on its axis.
D. None of the choices are correct.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.05
Topic: Cycles of the Sky



 

13. The length of the year is 
A. less than 365 days.
B. exactly 365 days.
C. more than 365 days.
D. Any of the above choices, depending on the year.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.05
Topic: Cycles of the Sky
 


14. A planet that cannot be seen with the unaided eye is 
A. Neptune.
B. Jupiter.
C. Mars.
D. Mercury.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.08
Section: 01.03
Topic: Solar System
 


15. Arrange the following planets in the order of their distance from the sun.

1. Venus
2. Mars
3. Earth
4. Mercury 
A. 4, 1, 3, 2
B. 1, 4, 3, 2
C. 2, 3, 1, 4
D. 3, 2, 4, 1

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.08
Section: 01.05
Topic: Solar System



 

16. In which one or more of the following is the earth assumed to be the center of the universe? 
A. The Ptolemaic system.
B. The Copernican system.
C. Kepler's laws of planetary motion.
D. Newton's law of gravity.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.07
Section: 01.04
Topic: History of Astronomy
 


17. The discovery that the planetary orbits are ellipses rather than circles was made by 
A. Ptolemy.
B. Copernicus.
C. Kepler.
D. Newton.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.06
Topic: History of Astronomy
 


18. Kepler modified 
A. the Ptolemaic system.
B. the Copernican system.
C. Newton's law of gravity.
D. the theory of the tides.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.06
Topic: History of Astronomy



 

19. The period of the earth's orbit around the sun is 
A. one day.
B. one week.
C. one month.
D. one year.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Section: 01.05
Topic: Solar System
 


20. The time needed for a planet to orbit the sun 
A. is the same for all planets.
B. depends on the size of the planet.
C. depends on how fast the planet rotates.
D. depends on the average distance of the planet from the sun.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Section: 01.06
Topic: Solar System
 


21. The speed of a planet in its orbit 
A. is always the same.
B. is least when it is closest to the sun.
C. is highest when it is closest to the sun.
D. Any of the above choices, depending on the planet.

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Figure: 01.11
Section: 01.06
Topic: Solar System



 

22. Astrology 
A. provides a scientific basis for planning our lives.
B. correctly predicts the future.
C. is based on the scientific method.
D. is nonsense.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Section: 01.07
Topic: History of Astronomy
 


23. The scientist who showed that gravity accounts for Kepler's laws of planetary motion was 
A. Newton.
B. Brahe.
C. Einstein.
D. Galileo.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.08
Topic: Gravity
Topic: History of Astronomy
 


24. Gravity is not 
A. a fundamental force.
B. responsible for holding the moon in orbit around the earth.
C. responsible for holding atoms and molecules together.
D. active throughout the universe.

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Section: 01.08
Topic: Gravity



 

25. Stars and planets are round because 
A. a sphere is the most natural shape.
B. they rotate.
C. gravity forces them into this shape.
D. friction in space grinds them into this shape.

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Figure: 01.18
Section: 01.09
Topic: Gravity
 


26. If the earth were to revolve on its axis slower than it does today, its shape 
A. would be closer to a perfect sphere.
B. would be farther from a perfect sphere.
C. and size would be unchanged.
D. would not change but it would expand in size.

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Bloom's Level: 3. Apply
Figure: 01.19
Section: 01.09
Topic: Gravity
Topic: Rotational Motion
 


27. In most parts of the world high tides occur approximately 
A. twice a day.
B. once a day.
C. once a week.
D. once every two weeks.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.20
Section: 01.10
Topic: Gravity



 

28. If the earth had no moon, 
A. there would be no tides.
B. there would be one high and one low tide per day.
C. the average tidal range would be smaller.
D. the average tidal range would be greater.

 


Bloom's Level: 4. Analyze
Section: 01.10
Topic: Gravity
 


29. Which of the following statements is true? 
A. High tides are caused by the sun, low tides by the moon.
B. Low tides are caused by the sun, high tides by the moon.
C. The moon is chiefly responsible for the tides, with the sun's influence modifying the tidal range.
D. The sun is chiefly responsible for the tides, with the moon's influence modifying the tidal range.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.10
Topic: Gravity
 


30. When the sun, the earth, and the moon are all in line, 
A. high tides and low tides are both higher than usual.
B. high tides and low tides are both lower than usual.
C. high tides are higher than usual and low tides are lower than usual.
D. high tides are lower than usual and low tides are higher than usual.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Section: 01.10
Topic: Gravity



 

31. In the distant past, the length of the day was 
A. shorter than 24h.
B. 24h as at present.
C. longer than 24h.
D. impossible to determine.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.20
Section: 01.10
Topic: Gravity
 


32. The British unit of length closest to the meter is the 
A. inch.
B. foot.
C. yard.
D. mile.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.12
Topic: SI Units
 


33. A person is 5 ft 8.0 in. tall. This is equivalent to 
A. 173 cm.
B. 177 cm.
C. 207 cm.
D. 223 cm.

 


Bloom's Level: 5. Evaluate
Section: 01.12
Topic: SI Units



 

34. The number of cubic centimeters in a cubic foot is about 
A. 1.7 103.
B. 1.7 104.
C. 2.8 104.
D. 1.7 105.

 


Bloom's Level: 5. Evaluate
Section: 01.12
Topic: SI Units
 


35. The prefix giga stands for 
A. 1,000,000.
B. 1,000,000,000.
C. 1/1,000,000.
D. 1/1,000,000,000.

 


Bloom's Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.12
Topic: SI Units
 


36. The shortest of the following is 
A. 104 in.
B. 104 m.
C. 103 ft.
D. 0.1 mi.

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Bloom's Level: 4. Analyze
Section: 01.12
Topic: SI Units



 

37. The longest of the following is 
A. 1 mm.
B. 0.00001 km.
C. 0.01 in.
D. 0.001 ft.

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Bloom's Level: 4. Analyze
Section: 01.12
Topic: SI Units
 


38. A centimeter is 
A. 0.001 m.
B. 0.01 m.
C. 0.1 m.
D. 10 m.

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Bloom's Level: 4. Analyze
Section: 01.12
Topic: SI Units
 


39. A meter is not equal to 
A. 100 cm.
B. 103 mm.
C. 0.01 km.
D. 10-3 km.

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Bloom's Level: 4. Analyze
Section: 01.12
Topic: SI Units



 

40. The size of a picture is given as 84 cm by 255 cm. Since (84)(255) = 2.142 exactly, the area of the picture is correctly expressed as 
A. 2.142 m2.
B. 2.14 m2.
C. 2.1 m2.
D. 2 m2.

 


Bloom's Level: 2. Understand
Bloom's Level: 3. Apply
Section: 01.12
Topic: SI Units
 


1-

© 2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Share ing jaringan sosial


Similar:

D. Declination Bloom's Level: Remember Figure: 5 Section: 1 The celestial...

The Scientific Revolution

1 overview of ece theory : the collapse of the standard model

A scientific Investigationinto Civilization's End

The Scientific Revolution 1600 1830

Scientific Data Management in the Coming Decade

Science 700 – Unit 1: Scientific Inquiry

Online Scientific Data Curation, Publication, and Archiving

A key feature in this Instructor’s Manual is the section in each...

Some Muslims say the Qur’an contains scientific truth about the orbits...

Astronomi


Nalika Nyalin materi nyedhiyani link © 2000-2017
kontak
a.kabeh-ngerti.com
.. Home